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Greenfields Exploration and the Lithium Provide Scarcity

The lithium market is booming. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries had been already vital to units akin to smartphones and laptops, however because the push in direction of decarbonization and electrical autos continues to realize floor, demand for the vital battery metallic has gone via the roof.

The market merely can’t sustain. Estimates have traditionally diverse as to exactly when demand will outstrip provide, however many specialists consider that day will come sooner somewhat than later. Some have even gone as far as to counsel that, with the present sturdy outlook of electrical autos, this may even occur in 2022.

The issue is not that the provision is not there. Moderately, the problem lies primarily with present manufacturing strategies. At present, the vast majority of international lithium manufacturing comes from continental brine deposits, which account for roughly half of the world’s recognized lithium reserves. Sedimentary lithium deposits are additionally a supply, at roughly 8 % of whole reserves.

It is the third supply of lithium, pegmatites, that could possibly be the important thing to addressing the looming provide scarcity, significantly in Canada and america, which each rely closely on lithium sourced from different markets.

What drives the lithium market?

Though electrical autos are creating appreciable demand for lithium, it is essential to notice that they’re removed from the one use instances for the battery metallic. In keeping with a 2021 transient revealed by the U.S. Geological Survey, roughly 74 % of the lithium market nonetheless consists of commercial use instances. Lithium can be utilized in ceramics and glass, lubricating greases, and prescription drugs.

With that stated, it is simple that the push for greener vitality and decarbonization is presently a core driver of accelerating demand.

“We’re shifting in direction of decarbonization, shifting the economies away from carbon, coal, fuel, and oil,” defined Killian Charles, president of Brunswick Exploration (TSXV:BRW). “A decade in the past, this shift would have been unthinkable. But it surely’s inevitable now, and lithium — together with a couple of different commodities akin to copper — will likely be in very excessive demand consequently.”

The query, then, is why haven’t mining corporations successfully scaled their manufacturing to maintain tempo with this demand? Electrification and inexperienced vitality usually are not new ideas, neither is the worldwide pursuit of sustainability a latest improvement. What’s it that is holding us again right here, and what could be accomplished to deal with the problem?

The reply, in accordance with Charles, could be summed up with a couple of easy phrases — a scarcity of greenfield exploration.

A matter of focus

Notably within the context of an trade as outdated as mining, lithium improvement and manufacturing continues to be very a lot in its infancy. Whereas most of the world’s largest, most extensively developed lithium deposits have been recognized to us for many years, exploration for brand new lithium property was sporadic, at greatest.

“Fairly honestly, we, as a society, have not collectively explored sufficient for lithium to satisfy our decarbonization goals,” Charles stated. “Lots of the largest producers, corporations with multibillion greenback market caps, are basically working outdated deposits and never having the experience to find new ones.”

What this implies is that among the richest lithium deposits on the planet could also be both undeveloped, undiscovered, or, extra usually, each.

“Brine and clay deposits won’t be the answer within the long-term,” Charles stated. “They’re massive, sure, however they’re additionally usually very low-grade, costly and water-intensive to course of. Pegmatite, however, is usually as much as 10 instances richer than even the richest clay or brine deposit whereas additionally being cheaper and less complicated to develop.”

The worth of pegmatite greenfield exploration

Canada is, in some ways, a microcosm of the bigger issues with international lithium manufacturing.

The nation is house to among the largest lithium deposits in North America. A lot of the event over the past decade within the nation’s lithium sector has targeted on repurposing these deposits.

All of the whereas, lithium greenfield exploration stays largely dormant in comparison with gold and even base metallic exploration.

There are a couple of exceptions to this, after all. Brunswick Exploration, as an example, has spent the previous a number of years exploring and growing a number of diversified property in Japanese and Maritime Canada. Essentially the most notable tasks in its portfolio are the Pontiac lithium and North Shore lithium tasks in Quebec, the Catamaran mission in New Brunswick and the NS Essential Minerals bundle in Nova Scotia.

“What we have actually seen is that systemic lithium exploration is one thing that hasn’t actually occurred in Canada,” Charles stated. “Everybody is targeted on present recognized property, however only a few corporations are actually pushing the boundaries — and that is what Brunswick Exploration has at all times been about.”

Origen Sources (CSE:ORGN,FWB:4VX) is one other main participant in pegmatite exploration and improvement. Working along with Coast Mountain Geological, in 2021 the corporate claimed 29,000 hectares in Newfoundland. Leveraging its innate data of pegmatite-hosted lithium deposits, it recognized 10 extremely promising areas in a newly recognized potential lithium belt.

Growing a home provide chain

It’s no secret that on the present second, North America is lagging behind within the electrical automobile race. Neither is the explanation significantly mysterious. Over-reliance on imported lithium coupled with an unstable worldwide provide chain represents not solely a substantial manufacturing bottleneck, but in addition significantly amplifies improvement prices.

Battery producers and electrical automobile producers alike would profit significantly from a stabler, extra readily accessible home provide. That is exactly what the long-term improvement of pegmatite greenfields can present. It is basically a manner of killing two birds with one stone: contributing to international lithium manufacturing whereas additionally supporting home trade progress.


There isn’t a denying that the world sits on the cusp of a lithium scarcity, however this isn’t an insurmountable drawback. Underdeveloped and underexplored pegmatite greenfields provide not solely an affordable resolution but in addition a compelling choice for anybody trying so as to add extra lithium tasks to their funding portfolio

This INNSpired article is sponsored by Brunswick Exploration (TSXV:BRW). This INNSpired article gives data which was sourced by the Investing Information Community (INN) and authorized by Brunswick Explorationwith a purpose to assist traders study extra concerning the firm. Brunswick Explorationis a shopper of INN. The corporate’s marketing campaign charges pay for INN to create and replace this INNSpired article.

This INNSpired article was written in accordance with INN editorial requirements to coach traders.

INN doesn’t present funding recommendation and the knowledge on this profile shouldn’t be thought-about a suggestion to purchase or promote any safety. INN doesn’t endorse or suggest the enterprise, merchandise, companies or securities of any firm profiled.

The data contained right here is for data functions solely and isn’t to be construed as a suggestion or solicitation for the sale or buy of securities. Readers ought to conduct their very own analysis for all data publicly obtainable in regards to the firm. Prior to creating any funding determination, it is suggested that readers seek the advice of straight with Brunswick Exploration and search recommendation from a certified funding advisor.


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