Intelligence is a fraught topic of debate, and solely changing into extra so. Among the many frameworks developed safely to method it, one has gained particular prominence: the idea championed by developmental psychologist Howard Gardner, writer of the e-book Frames of Thoughts: The Concept of A number of Intelligences. And what number of such intelligences are there? In the Massive Assume video above — posted in 2016, 33 years after Frames of Thoughts — he names ten: language, logic and arithmetic, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist, educating, and existential.
A few of these might strike you as solely tangentially associated to intelligence, historically outlined. Gardner has thought of this: “Individuals say, ‘Properly, music’s a expertise, it’s not an intelligence.’ And I say, ‘Properly, why, when you’re good with phrases, is that an intelligence, however when you’re good with tones and rhythms and timbres…”
No person, in his telling, has ever give you a convincing response. Therefore his mission to broaden the definition of intelligence past the mixture measure of brainpower lengthy often called the normal intelligence issue — or extra generally, “g issue” — to embody the form of expertise whose usefulness we will see in the true world, away from the constructed rigors of psychometric checks.
“Whether or not there’s eight intelligences or ten or twelve is much less essential to me than having damaged the monopoly of a single intelligence, which form of labels you all the time,” says Gardner. You possibly can see eight of his intelligences damaged down in additional element — and maybe even establish your individual strongest swimsuit — in the Sensible Psychology video simply above. Gardner additionally expresses optimism about our means to develop totally different intelligences: you’ll be able to select to focus on a selected one, however “if you wish to be a jack of all trades and be very well-rounded, you then’re most likely going to need to nurture the intelligences which aren’t that robust.” No matter your individual view on a number of intelligences, don’t overlook how the previous saying initially went in full: “Jack of all trades, grasp of none, although typically higher than a grasp of 1.”
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Based mostly in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and tradition. His tasks embody the Substack e-newsletter Books on Cities, the e-book The Stateless Metropolis: a Stroll by means of Twenty first-Century Los Angeles and the video collection The Metropolis in Cinema. Comply with him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Fb.